According to the report by International Labour Organization (ILO), In India, employees work for longer hours than other countries and earn the lowest minimum statutory wage in the Asia Pacific Region.
As per the report, India ranks on the fifth position with longest working hours after Gambia, Mongolia, Maldives and Qatar. Also, the work hours of Indian workers can stretch up to 48 hours per week.
The report was titled “Global Wage Report 2020-21” where it mentioned that during the times of Covid-19, wages and minimum wages put India on 5th position globally among the countries with longest work hours.
In comparison to other countries, an average worker works for 46 hours per week, 37 hours per week in the United States and 36 hours in the United Kingdom.
The report also mentions that only a worker, both salaried or self employed, who put more hours in the work is paid well. Salaried workers work more in Urban areas as compared to Rural areas. Also, men put more hours into work than women in both urban and rural areas.
Working Hours In Urban Areas
According to a report by TheWire.in, Men work for 53 hours a week, while women work for 46 hours a week, both salaried and regular wage earners.
In case of self-employed workers, Men put in 55 hours a week while women put in 39 hours a week.
While in case of casual labour, Men work for 45 hours per week while women work for 38 hours per week.
Working Hours In Rural Areas
Men put 52 hours into work while women put 44 hours per week, both salaried and regular wage workers.
In case of self-employed workers, Men work 48 hours a week and women work 37 hours a week.
And as for casual labours, men work 45 hours a week and women work 39 hours a week.
Four-Days Work Week
Recently, new labor codes for four-days work week were introduced by the government, which implies that if the working days are reducing then working hours will be stretched resulting into 12-hour daily shifts to meet the 48-hours per week criteria.