Vijay Diwas 2020: Important Facts You Should Know About Indo-Pak 1971 War

Vijay Diwas

On 13th December 1971, a message was given by Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw to Pakistan, “You Surrender Or We Wipe You Out “.

In 1971, a war against Pakistan was fought which lead to India’s victory, and the contribution of Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw is indelible.

16th December is now remembered as the Vijay Diwas to honor the great soldiers of India.

Who is Sam Manekshaw?

Born as Sam Hormusji FramjiJamshedji Manekshaw, he was very famously referred to as Sam Bahadur. He served the British Indian Army in World War II and won the military cross for gallantry.

In his distinguishable military career, he participated in five wars and was referred to as the country’s best soldier and a Fearless patriotic.

Once, in 1971, when former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi asked if he was ready to go to the war with Pakistan over Bangladesh, he responded with “I am always ready, sweetie”.

16th December 2020 marks the 105th birth anniversary of Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw and he is regarded as the mastermind behind India’s victory in the 1971 war.

He is regarded as the finest Army General whose contribution to the nation is unforgettable.

Vijay Diwas
Image Source: The Print

What Was The 1971 War About?

In 1971 India won the war against Pakistan which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh and freedom of East Pakistan.

General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, Chief of Pakistani Forces, surrendered to the Indian forces with his 93,000 soldiers.

  • On 3rd December 1971, around 11 Indian airfields were attacked by Pakistan which led to the Indo-Pak war.
  • The 13-day war was sparked by rebellions in former East Pakistan against the Islamabad government.
  • The 1971 India Pakistan war is considered to be the shortest war in history since it was concluded in 13 days.
  • PAF airfields were bombed by air force jets for prevention against Pakistani attacks through the airfields.
  • During the war, over 9 million refugees entered India and Pakistan attacked all Indian fronts during this period.

Some Key Points Which Led India Closer To The Victory:

1. The Battle of Longewala

This crucial battle took place on the night of 4th and 5th December at Longewala post. It was guarded by 100 to 120 men by Alpha company, Punjab regiments, and was led by Major Kuldeep Singh Chandpuri. Pakistani infantry and soldiers outnumbered the men at Longewala post but the Indian troops defended it till the last breath and help later arrived in the form of Marut and Hunter jets belonging to the Indian Air Force.

2. Battle of Hilli

This battle was considered to be the most fiercest and was started a few weeks before the war wasformally declared. It was defended from the Pakistani soldiers after the brutal fight but the victory came at a huge price. India lost 70 Indian soldiers during the battle and the Indians were led by legendary Lt.Col Shamsher Singh.

3. Operation Trident

On the night of 4th– 5th December the Indian Navy had hit the Karachi port destroying PNS Khyber, the Pakistani destroyer, and PNSMuhafiz, the minesweeper. PNS Shah Jahan was also destroyed and fortunately Indian Navy did not suffer any loss. Hence 4th December is observed as Navy Day in India.

4. India Shrugs Off U.S Seventh Fleet

The US 7th fleet sent their task force 74 to the Bay of Bengal after realizing that Pakistan was heading towards them for disaster. Although the US had no intention of engaging with India on a military basis but it was meant for or frightening the Indian military.

They backfired because it made the Indian soldiers intent to free the areas of East Pakistan which were under the control of West Pakistan. The Soviet Naval task force appeared on the Horizon bringing the cold war drama and its complexities to the subcontinent. Therefore India shrugging off America’s strength show became one of the most highlighting moments of the 1971 war.

5. Battle of Basantar

2ndLt. Arun Khetarpal single-handedly destroyed Pakistani tanks, the courage of such a fighter brought Indiathe military victory. Battle of Basantar is considered to be the deadliest tank battle of the subcontinent. After Arun Khetarpal’s  courage in the battle, he was awarded Param Vir Chakra.

Vijay Diwas

Sam Manekshaw, who is known for his commanding leadership, died at the age of 94.

16th December Mark’s an important position for Bangladesh too! It is observed as Bijoy Diwas.

On 16th December 2020, India celebrates the 50th anniversary of Vijay Diwas which marked the liberation of East Pakistan, the creation of Bangladesh, and India’s victory over Pakistan.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh paid tribute to the war heroes on the 50th anniversary of the 1971 war at the National War Memorial, New Delhi.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi lit the Swarnim Vijay Mashal which is a victory torch at the eternal flame of the National War Memorial.

At the Amar Jawan Jyoti Prime, Minister Modi honored the soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the 1971 Indo Pak war.

Amar Jawan Jyoti is represented by an inverted blade/bayonet under a soldier’s helmet and besides it, is an eternal flame commemorating the soldier’s sacrifice.

Amar Jawan Jyoti was built in 1972 to commemorate the soldiers who were martyred.

This morning four torches were lit and they will be carried to the cities of the villages of the who received the gallantry awards- Param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra.

Info Source: TimesNowNews, NDTV

See Also: Constitution Day 2020: Importance And Significance Of This Day In India

Kritika
Student with ambitions, writer with ideas.