The Black Clouds Of The Farms Bill 2020 On Farmers
The Parliament of India has passed three bills which might result in a brutal loss of the farmers of India.
The backbone of India is the most vulnerable after the newly passed legislation:
- The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (promotion and facilitation) Bill
- The Farmers (empowerment and protection) Racket Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill
- The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill.
With anger in eyes and a spirit of FIGHT FOR MY RIGHTS, the farmers are on the streets demanding for the withdrawal of the bill.
Farmers have demanded the government to withdraw the law, they believe it lacks minimum support, which will result in fear of low produce’s price and the collapse of the food grain Mandi.
Various members of the Parliament were in the state of “misbehave” with the Deputy Chairman Harivansh creating an environment of disgust among the other members.
Such aggressive behavior was a result of opposition to the demand for withdrawal of the bill.
What Do The Farmers Believe?
The farmers fear that if the bill becomes a law, the roots of the production of food will be shaken. This will result in an unregulated market and the law will soon be able to buy and sell the produced grain as per their choice.
Farmers are sure that the Sahukari System, before independence, might be revived by these bills. According to Sahukari System, farmer’s good quality produce was bought at low prices. This resulted in lowered farmers’ income and they had to reach out for loans, with additional interest rates.
If the bill is passed farmers will have a limited supply and might have to take loans from banks. Banks might deny the loans because they believe farmers wouldn’t have access to that sort of money, in the future, to repay.
This will surely result in farmers losing hope. Even worse cases might come up.
This bill makes the payment fixed but what if the pre-agreed prices are comparatively lower?
What if the bill becomes a law?
What if the Mandis will shut down and the farmers have to unwantedly sell their produces at fixed price?
How Are The Farmers Dealing With The Issues?
Problematic scenarios were the first outcome of these bills. Farmers’ safety will be compromised and the food Mandi which are regulated through APMC Market [Agricultural Produce and Marketing Committee] will go through a heavy loss.
“I said it earlier and I say it once again: System of MSP will remain. Government procurement will continue. We are here to serve our farmers” the PM said in a tweet.
“I am also a farmer and I want to assure farmers of the country that MSP and APMC systems are not going to end. Various misleading contents and rumors were spread around against the bill building hectic situation in the country,” said Defense Minister, Rajnath Singh.
Several questions followed by a series of doubt are placed forward by the leaders of different parties.
“Will FCI (Food Corporation of India) go to 15.5 Crore farmers to purchase their farm produce? If Businessmen purchase agricultural producers, what is a guarantee that farmers will get MSP. If the government will continue to give MSP, Why is it not providing a guarantee in the law” Congress leader asked.
Confusion and misgivings among the farmers should soon be taken care of by the Central Government to ensure that future protests would not intensify.
The bill which was passed on Thursday allowed the farmers to sell their grain outside the mandis to the retailers.
Commission agents of the mandi will be in severe loss of commissions and monthly fees if the farmers will sell the produce to retailers. This might also result in a major loss for the farmers if their produce is not sold to retailers, outside the Mandi.
The bill forces the farmers to enter in agriculture business firms as a contract and sell their produce to the large retailers on pre-agreed prices. The pre-agreed prices may vary according to the quantity of good quality produce.
The farmers are in dilemma if the prices would decrease resulting in a huge profit to the industrial sections if prices are decreased.
The essential Commodities Bill has removed essentials like cereals, pulses, oilseed, edible oils, onions, and potatoes from the list of essential produce. This might be the wrong turn for farmers’ produce’s worth.
Who Are Fighting And What States Are Highly Affected?
Organizations like Bhartiya Kisan Union (BKU) and All India Kisan Sangharsh Co-ordination Committee (AIKSCC) have protested against the bill.
They believe that the bill is designed to help big corporate houses by keeping the farmers in vulnerable positions.
Opposition parties have called the bill as “anti-farmers”. BJP ally SAD’s minister, Harsimrat Kaur Badal is also against the bill passed in the Parliament.
Various parts of India are blocked by protesting farmers. Roads blocked with Tractors to prevent anyone from moving on highways.
The bill will highly affect the farmers of Punjab and Haryana because the grip of the farmers over there produces will be soon decided on the basis of a contract with the commission agent.
Enslaving of the farmers would be the result of the bills which were passed in the parliament.
Punjab came up with the Chakka Jam where 31 farmers’ organizations extended their support to protest against the bills.
UP-Delhi border was blocked due to a farmer strike after the bill was passed.
Numerous numbers of farmers protesting at the Delhi-Noida border clearly showed how determined they were for the withdrawal of the bill.
Around 180 farmers were arrested in Tamil Nadu for the demand of withdrawal of the bill.
Kerala streets were also seen permeating with loads of farmers protesting for their rights.
Reaction Of Opposition Government For Farmers’ Plea
“The central government has passed laws that will turn all farmers into laborers dependent on joint Corporates. Their aim is to handover the agriculture sector to the corporate. Through this move, agricultural land in the production and sale of farm produce will be taken over by corporates. We are selling our agriculture sector to corporate giants” said S Ramachandran Pillai, Senior CPI leader and vice president of AIKS.
“The flawed GST destroyed MSMEs. The new agriculture laws will enslave farmers” Rahul Gandhi said in a tweet.
जायज़ माँगे हैं किसानों की,
देश की आवाज़ सुनो, मोदी जी।
— Rahul Gandhi (@RahulGandhi) September 26, 2020
The Congress on 21st September announced how they will make sure that they will collect signatures of 2 crore farmers and forward a memorandum against the bill to President Ram Nath Kovind.
“The opposition party will take the form bills, issue to the people, not only to the state level but at the district and village level” said Ahmed Patel, a senior Congress leader at a Press Conference.
“We discussed the political situation of the country especially the farmers’ agitation. The way the government of India is bulldozing anti-farmers’ laws in Parliament, it is totally unacceptable to the country and the people of India” said Venugopal, flanked by Patel, Antony, and Surjewala at the press conference.