The World Against Child Labour Day is celebrated and observed in more than 100 countries worldwide. It is celebrated on 12 June.
In 2002, the International Labour Organization integrated World Against Child Labour and celebrated a day to raise awareness about the state of child labor worldwide with the aim of eradicating social evil.
Every year the organizations have some special theme for the World Against Child Labour day. The theme of World Day Against Child Labor this year is to protect children during the hard times of the COVID-19 pandemic. The outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic caused a lockdown situation in many countries. This affected the lives of many people and due to this the lives of many children have also been affected. In such a situation many children can be pushed towards child labor. For this reason, the theme of World Day 2020 against child labor is “to protect children in the period of coronavirus”.
According to the official website of the United Nations, World Against Child Labour Day mainly focuses on the impact of the crisis on child labour. The COVID-19 pandemic and the economic recession and subsequent labor strikes had a profound impact on people and daily life. The crisis can bring millions of innocent children to work.
ILO and UNICEF have developed a similar model to study the impact of COVID-19 on child labour globally. According to the United Nations, child labour has declined by two-thirds since 2000, affecting 94 million children.
Some of the facts related to Child Labour are::
- According to a UN report, a total of 152 million children in the world work as child labor.
- International Labor Organization (ILO )says – 73 million children out of 152 million children in child labor worldwide do hazardous work.
- These hazardous works include manual cleaning, construction, agriculture, mines, factories, and hawkers and domestic help works.
- The number of children between 5 and 11 years of age working as child labor has risen to 19 million as they have been involved in dangerous activities in the past years.
- According to the 2011 census, more than 43 lakh children in India were found doing child labour.
- According to UNICEF, India alone contributes 12 percent of the total child laborers worldwide.
- According to non-official figures, there are about 5 crore child laborers in India.
The organization aims to end child labour totally by 2025.
This year, the World Against Child Labour day will be carried out as a virtual campaign due to the COVID-19 global pandemic. The campaign is supported by the Global March Against Child Labour and the International Partnership for Cooperation on Child.